Chickens 28 Hatched
Ducks 4/8 Set 3/7/13 Hatch: 4/14/13
Other Tries At Growing An Embryo - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLFA6E52942972B4DD
Subscribe TO MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL - http://www.youtube.com/user/SteviePAX
Chicken Embryo Eggtospy (Graphic) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q63AdoVGdRE
Duck Embryo Eggtospy (Graphic) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4xFAIaFryQ
6 to 10 h - First kidney-like cells (pronephros) begin to form.
8 h -Appearance of primitive streak.
10 h -Yolk sac (embryonic membrane) begins. Functions include: a) blood formation; b) yolk digestion; c) yolk absorption; d) food provision after hatching. Mesoderm appears; embryo oriented at 90° angle to egg's long axis; mesonephros begins.
18 h -Primitive gut begins; primordial germ cells appear in germinal crescent.
20 h -Vertebral column begins.
21 h -Appearance of neural groove, nervous system.
22 h -Appearance of first pair of somites (block-like segments) and head.
23 to 24 h -Blood islands, vitelline (yolk sac) circulation, blood, heart,blood vessels begin (2 to 4 somites).
25 h -Appearance of eye; vertebral column visible; embryo begins to turn on left side (6 somites).
28 h -Ear begins (7 somites).
30 h -Amnion (embryonic membrane around embryo) begins. Primary function is to protect embryo against shock and sticking; also responsible for some albumen absorption. Chorion (embryonic membrane that fuses with allantois) begins; heartbeat begins (10 somites).
38 h -Cranial flexure and torsion evident; heartbeat moves blood (16 to 17 somites).
42 h -Thyroid begins.
48 h -Anterior pituitary and pineal glands begin to develop.
50 h -Embryo turns on left side; allantois (embryonic membrane that fuses with chorion) begins. Functions of chorioallantois are: a) respiration; b) albumen absorption; c) absorption of calcium from shell; d) storage of kidney excretions.
60 h -Nasal pits, pharynx, lungs, anterior limb buds begin.
62 h -Posterior limb buds begin.
72 h -Middle and outer ear, trachea begin; amnion completes growth around embryo.
Day 4: Tongue and esophagus begin; embryo separates from yolk sac; allantois grows through amnion; contractions occur in amnion wall; adrenal development begins; pronephros (nonfunctional kidney) disappears; metanephros (definitive or final kidney) begins; proventriculus, gizzard, ceca, large intestine begin. Pigment visible in eye (dark eye).
Day 5: Reproductive system and differentiation of sex appear; thymus, bursa of Fabricius, duodenal loop begin; chorion and allantois begin to fuse; mesonephros begins to function; first cartilage present.
Day 6: Beak appears; voluntary movement begins; chorioallantois (chorion fused with allantois) lies against shell near large end of egg.
Day 7: Digits appear; comb growth begins; egg tooth begins; melanin produced; absorption of mineral from shell begins. Chorioallantois is attached to inner shell membrane and growth around the inner surface is progressing.
Day 8: Father tracts appear; parathyroid begins; bone calcification begins.
Day 9: Growth of chorioallantois about 80% complete (still open at small end); mouth opening appears.
Day 10: Beak begins to harden; digits completely separated.
Day 11: Abdominal walls established; loops of intestine begin to protrude into the yolk sac; down feathers visible; comb and wattles visible; claws and scales appear on toes; mesonephros reaches maximum level of function, then begins to degenerate; metanephros begins to function.
Day 12: Chorioallantois completes enclosure of egg contents; embryo water content begins to decrease.
Day 13: Cartilaginous skeleton is relatively complete; embryo heat production and oxygen consumption begin to increase rapidly.
Day 14: Embryo begins to turn head toward large end of egg; long bone ossification becomes rapid. Turning of egg no longer essential.
Day 15: Intestinal loops easily seen in yolk sac; contraction of amnion ceases.
Day 16: Beak, claws, and scales relatively cornified; albumen is practically gone and yolk increasingly important as food source; down feathers cover body; intestinal loops begin to retract into body.
Day 17: Amniotic fluid decreases; embryo positioning head toward large end, toward right wing with beak toward air cell; definitive feathers begin.
Day 18: Blood volume decreases, total blood hemoglobin decreases. Embryo should be in proper position to hatch: embryo's long axis the same as long axis of egg; head in large end of egg; head to right and under right wing; beak pointed toward air cell; feet toward head.
Day 19: Intestinal loop retraction complete; yolk sac begins to enter body cavity; amniotic fluid (swallowed by embryo) disappears; beak may pierce air cell and lungs begin to function (pulmonary respiration).
Day 20: Yolk sac completely drawn into body; air cell pierced, followed by functioning of pulmonary respiration; embryo makes sounds; chorioallantoic circulation, respiration, and absorption decrease; embryo may pip shell.
Day 21: Hatching process: chorioallantoic circulation ceases; embryo breaks shell over air cell with egg tooth; embryo slowly rotates in egg counterclockwise, chipping and breaking shell as it does; embryo kicks and attempts to straighten neck, pushes shell open; kicks free of shell, rests, straightens, dries.
>Day 21: Some embryos are unable to hatch but survive beyond the normal hatching time
In the greenhouse I have 3 Banana Plants, 1 Coffee and1 Palm Tree, 1 pomegranate and 1 pineapple.
Last update 4/9/13